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  • Photo of an autumn vineyard in a painterly style
    Hikers entering a redwood forest.
    The Powell Street Trolley glides through the streets of San Francisco on a sunny autumn afternoon.
    Impressionist figures rushing down the sidewalk of a busy urban street scene at night with threads and squiggles of colored light.
    People carrying flags and banners down a street.
    Painterly looking photo of wine grapes with the effect of being sucked into a vineyard.
    The Powell Street Trolley zooms down the hills of San Francisco overflowing with passengers with the night lights streaking past.
    Figures bathed and engulfed in the light of a candy store at night.
    Abstract photo of thousands of chaotic Xmas lights on a black background.
    An antique touring car from the 1920s speeds through Union Square with a painterly treatment.
    Shadowy figures are engulfed in colorful light.
    Photo of a vineyard that looks like a Monet painting.
  • Storefronts and restaurants line the walkway that is bathed is sqiggles of colored lights.
    Hikers in motion on a trail surrounded by blurry green brush passing on both sides.
    Blurry photo of a autumn-colored vineyard exploding with paint strokes.
    Impressionist figures rushing down the sidewalk of a busy urban street scene at dusk with squiggles and threads of light from storefronts and traffic.
    Abstract photo of Christmas lights and headlights streaking across a black background.
    A photo that looks like a pastel abstract painting with oranges, blues, and greens.
    Looking down a vineyard row that looks like it’s been painted.
    Looking down a vineyard row that looks like a painting.
    Looking down a vineyard row that looks like an abstract painting.
    An painterly abstract scene of a trail leading into a meadow.
    Painterly looking photo of a summer vineyard.
    Looking down a trail dappled with sunlight and surrounded by giant redwood trees.
  • Painterly looking abstract photo of an autumn vineyard.
    Painterly looking photo of an autumn vineyard.
    A vortex of hundreds of threads of light.
    Abstract image of green and orange grape leaves in a vineyard.
    Blurry photo of a autumn-colored vineyard racing by.
    Swooshes of colorful festive Korean dancers in motion.

Lens Painting is a “triple-motion-blur” technique Zmak has been developing since 2006 in which he uses the lens as a paint brush.

The technique can also use Irmin Roberts’ & Alfred Hitchcock’s “dolly zoom” technique in which the movement of the camera’s position is countered by the zoom of the lens.

Since completing the “A Year in the Vineyard” portfolio and book in May 2010, Zmak has been doing more color in general, but pushing far deeper into the abstract and printing on canvas for a more painterly look.

“As a painter, I could never recreate imagery as I saw it in my mind’s eye. But with a digital camera and the ability to make exposure adjustments based on instant results, my camera lens has become my brush. Seeing a Jim Kasson exhibit on motion blur in 2005 really got me experimenting with motion and time exposures in ways and combinations I’d never thought of before. I’ve also been influenced by David Gubernick and Jack Wasserbach, who have been experimenting with their own styles of motion blur and soft focus, and by Rob Ellis and Bert Ihlenfeld with their approaches to abstract color.”

In June 2007 on a trip to Catalina, Zmak played around with combining 2 types of motion blur at night in black-and-white: zooming a telephoto lens while rotating the camera in its tripod mount, and walking closely behind people while zooming a wide-angle lens.

A few months later on a trip to Glacier National Park, Zmak combined all 3 types of motion blur during the day on backlit autumn trees: he is in motion (65mph on a windy highway), he is moving the camera in patterns (such as circles or zigzags), and zooming a telephoto lens (100-400mm). Exposures ranged from 1-8 seconds at f32-f38, and sometimes he would add neutral density and polarizing filters to slow down the daylight. This was the effect he was searching for because the patterns were not symmetrical and the streaks of light resembled brush strokes.

In October 2009, the final touches of this “triple-motion-blur” technique came together during Zmak’s “A Year in the Vineyard” project. In September 2010 in San Francisco, and in December 2010 in Carmel and Monterey, he was able to apply the technique with full intention and expectation of the results, and use his “brush.”

In August 2011, B&W+COLOR Magazine gave Zmak a Merit Award in their annual color portfolio competition for a collection of 11 images from San Francisco, Carmel and Monterey. He continues to experiment with the technique in a variety of settings and teaches it in his workshops.